Musical notation improved by Guido d’Arrezo.
Berno, Abbot of Reichenau writes his books on musical theory.
Sight singing introduced at Pomposa Monastery near Ravenna.
Guido D’Arrezo introduces solmization in music. (do, re, mi, fa, sol, la)
Time values given to musical notation.
The harp arrives in Europe
Oldest surviving German Christmas carol “sys willekommen heirre kerst”
Polyphonic singing replaces Gregorian chant.
Wilhelm von Hirsau German Benedictine monk writes manuels on musical theory
Music school of St. Martial at Limoges develops polyphonic style.
Beginnings of secular music
Beginning of troubadour and trouvere music in France
New dance forms begin to appear in France and Germany
Leoninus, French composer begins to work in the “Ars antigua” style.
Cymbals introduced as musical instrument.
“Carmina Burana” German collection of Latin monastic songs.
“Faux bourdon” style begins in English music
Adam de la Halle, French composer of musical plays is born.
The “Portatio” a portable small organ is invented.
Beginnings of choral Passion
Master Perotinus becomes the main representative of the French “Ars Antigua”
Franco of Cologne and Pierre de la Croix develop the musical form of the motet.
Adam de la Halle writes”LeJeu de la Feuillee.” first French “Operette”.
The “Jongleurs” professional musical entertainers in France.