Musical notation improved by Guido d’Arrezo.
Berno, Abbot of Reichenau writes his books on musical theory.
Sight singing introduced at Pomposa Monastery near Ravenna.
Guido D’Arrezo introduces solmization in music. (do, re, mi, fa, sol, la)
Oldest surviving German Christmas carol “sys willekommen heirre kerst”
Polyphonic singing replaces Gregorian chant.
The harp arrives in Europe
Time values given to musical notation.
Wilhelm von Hirsau German Benedictine monk writes manuels on musical theory
Beginnings of secular music
Music school of St. Martial at Limoges develops polyphonic style.
Beginning of troubadour and trouvere music in France
New dance forms begin to appear in France and Germany
Leoninus, French composer begins to work in the “Ars antigua” style.
“Carmina Burana” German collection of Latin monastic songs.
Cymbals introduced as musical instrument.
“Faux bourdon” style begins in English music
Adam de la Halle, French composer of musical plays is born.
Beginnings of choral Passion
Master Perotinus becomes the main representative of the French “Ars Antigua”
The “Portatio” a portable small organ is invented.
Franco of Cologne and Pierre de la Croix develop the musical form of the motet.
Adam de la Halle writes”LeJeu de la Feuillee.” first French “Operette”.
The “Jongleurs” professional musical entertainers in France.