American History

Main

Europe Middle Ages

500 A.D. - 1500 A.D.

Europe in the MIddle ages was not and adventurous civilization and knew nothing about the Americas.

Black Death

1347

Prince Henry the Navigator

1400 - 1500

Made Portugal #1 in marital power. His interest was in exploring the western coast of africa.

Portugal coasts down Africa

1480

Portuguese explorers traveled down the west coast of Africa for a sea route to Asia

Moors Expelled from Spain

1492

Muslim Moors were expelled from Spain as a result of the Spanish Inquisition

Columbus sails west

1492

He is funded by Ferdinand and Isabella in Spain and reaches Bahamas in the Caribbean in search of Asia

Papal Decree/ Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Divides New World between Spain and Portugal with the Pope's Line of Demarcation. Spain and Portugal must spread Christianity while they are in the New World.

John Cabot Makes English Claim

1497

Cabot makes the first English claim in North America

First African Slaves in Spanish America

1502

Martin Luther Challenges Church

1517

Martin Luther challenges the Catholic Church, sparking Protestant Reformation in Europe. He said the bible, not the Church, was the voice of God, and that salvation was through faith, not through formal practice or works.

Smallpox kills Indians

1518 - 1530

Epidemic kills many societies in Central and South America

Magellan Circumnavigates

1519 - 1522

Cortes conquers Aztecs

1521

Cortes captures Tenochtitlan and conquers Aztec empire in Mexico

reason for English Reformation

1529

The real reason for the English Reformation was because King Henry VIII was mad because the pope refused to grant him a divorce.

Pizarro conquers Incas

1532 - 1538

Pizarro conquers Incas in Peru

St. Augustine founded

1565

Founded in Florida

English conquest of Ireland begins

1566

Roanoke Colony established

1587

This was the Lost Colony

Don Juan de Onate makes New Mexico

1598

He makes it as a Spanish colony in New Mexico

Issued London and Plymouth Charters

1606

King James I issued his 1606 charters to the Londong and Plymouth Companies.

Jamestown founded

1607

French Quebec established

1608

First permanent French settlement in America

Pilgrims go to Holland

1608

Puritans go from England to Holland

Santa Fe founded

1609

Spanish colonists founded Santa Fe

Tobacco production in Virginia

1612

First Africans in Virginia

1619

VA House of Burgesses meet

1619

First meeting

Pilgrims found Plymouth

1620

Establish Mayflower Compact because they meant to land in Virginia, but landed in Cape Cod outside of the London territory

English colonization in Caribbean

1620

Powhatan Indians attack VA

1622

Dutch on Manhattan

1624

Dutch make a colony on Manhattan Island

Dutch establish New York

1624

Dutch establish permanent settlements in modern day New York

New Hampshire and Maine established

1629

Massachusetts Bay Colony established

1630

Massachusetts colony established at Boston

Maryland Settlement

1634

First English Settlements founded in Maryland

Hartford in Connecticut

1635

Roger Williams in Rhode Island

1636

Roger Williams founds settlement in Rhode Island

Pequot War fought

1637

Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts

1637

Anne expelled for opposing leaders and the clergy and giving women a bigger role in the colony

Swedes and Finns make New Sweden

1638

New Sweden is created on the Delaware River

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Last magor Powhatan uprising

1644

Last major Indian uprisings against English settlers in Virginia

Maryland Toleration Act

1649

made by catholics to bleach

Civil War in Maryland

1655

Unseats Catholic proprietor

English Restoration

1660

Charles is king

First Navigation Act

1660

Colonies could only trade with England and give certain exports such as tobacco only to England

Second Navigation Act

1663

All goods from England to colonies must stop by England in order to be taxed

Carolina colony chartered

1663

England capture New Netherland

1664

New Jersey chartered

1664

Third Navigation Act

1673

The first 2 acts were being evaded so this act provided officials to enforce the acts. The 3 acts were the legal basis of a mercantile system.

King Phillip's war in New England

1675 - 1676

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

Nathaniel Bacon and the back county gentry opposed Governor Berkley's refusal to address Western Indian attacks at the border and to include Bacon in the fur trade; Bacon and the others went against the government in Virginia and led attacks on the Indians and burned down Jamestown; this huge insurgency led to the Indians signing a treaty for white settlement on their land

Pueblos revolt against Spanish

1680

Pueblos revolt and drive Spanish colonists from present-day New Mexico

Penn gets Pennsylvania charter

1681

William Penn gets charter for Pennsylvania

New England established

1686

Glorious Revolution in England

1688

William and Mary go to throne in Glorious Revolution

Glorious Revolution in America

1689

Rebellion breaks out against Andros in New England

Leisler leads New York rebellion

1689

Spanish return to New Mexico

1692

Spanish crush Pueblo New Mexico

1696

Spanish put an end to the Pueblo revolts in New Mexico

Georgia chartered

1732

Rulers

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

King Henry VIII married his brother's widow, Catherine and had a daughter named Mary with her. He wanted a son that Catherine could not give, so he asked for an annulment from the Pope, who would not give one. Anne was pregnant, so Henry got Parliament to declare the first marriage void, and secretly married Anne. The baby was a girl named Elizabeth. Henry's disagreement with the Pope led to the 1534 Act of Supremacy which made Henry, not the Pope, the head of the Church of England.

Edward IV of England

1547 - 1553

Son of Henry VIII and Jane; Sickly and died at 16

Mary I of England

1553 - 1558

Mary was a Catholic and tried to undo the Protestant practices by punished and burning many people, getting her the name "Bloody Mary." Parliament revolted when she tried to give back land and money to the Catholic Church.

Elizabeth I of England

1558 - 1603

Last of the Tudors; Reestablished the Church of England; Very powerful and popular; Virgin Queen--> Virginia

James I of England

1603 - 1625

First of the Stuarts who believed that kinds had a divine right and favored Catholicism by repressing Puritans. Virginia and Plymouth were established under him

Charles I

1625 - 1649

Lead to a civil war by trying to restore Catholicism, alienating people, dissolving Parliament, and making himself an absolute monarch. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Maryland were established under him

Oliver Cromwell

1649 - 1658

Interregnum- No colonies were established but Cromwell preached religious tolerance of Puritans

Charles II

1660 - 1685

Restoration of the Stuarts, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and the Carolinas were founded

James II

1685 - 1688

Unpopular Catholic brother of Charles II

William and Mary

1689 - 1702

Ruled jointly