Europe in the MIddle ages was not and adventurous civilization and knew nothing about the Americas.
Made Portugal #1 in marital power. His interest was in exploring the western coast of africa.
Portuguese explorers traveled down the west coast of Africa for a sea route to Asia
Muslim Moors were expelled from Spain as a result of the Spanish Inquisition
He is funded by Ferdinand and Isabella in Spain and reaches Bahamas in the Caribbean in search of Asia
Divides New World between Spain and Portugal with the Pope's Line of Demarcation. Spain and Portugal must spread Christianity while they are in the New World.
Cabot makes the first English claim in North America
Martin Luther challenges the Catholic Church, sparking Protestant Reformation in Europe. He said the bible, not the Church, was the voice of God, and that salvation was through faith, not through formal practice or works.
Epidemic kills many societies in Central and South America
Cortes captures Tenochtitlan and conquers Aztec empire in Mexico
The real reason for the English Reformation was because King Henry VIII was mad because the pope refused to grant him a divorce.
Pizarro conquers Incas in Peru
Founded in Florida
This was the Lost Colony
He makes it as a Spanish colony in New Mexico
King James I issued his 1606 charters to the Londong and Plymouth Companies.
First permanent French settlement in America
Puritans go from England to Holland
Spanish colonists founded Santa Fe
Establish Mayflower Compact because they meant to land in Virginia, but landed in Cape Cod outside of the London territory
Dutch make a colony on Manhattan Island
Dutch establish permanent settlements in modern day New York
Massachusetts colony established at Boston
First English Settlements founded in Maryland
Roger Williams founds settlement in Rhode Island
Anne expelled for opposing leaders and the clergy and giving women a bigger role in the colony
New Sweden is created on the Delaware River
Last major Indian uprisings against English settlers in Virginia
made by catholics to bleach
Unseats Catholic proprietor
Charles is king
Colonies could only trade with England and give certain exports such as tobacco only to England
All goods from England to colonies must stop by England in order to be taxed
The first 2 acts were being evaded so this act provided officials to enforce the acts. The 3 acts were the legal basis of a mercantile system.
Nathaniel Bacon and the back county gentry opposed Governor Berkley's refusal to address Western Indian attacks at the border and to include Bacon in the fur trade; Bacon and the others went against the government in Virginia and led attacks on the Indians and burned down Jamestown; this huge insurgency led to the Indians signing a treaty for white settlement on their land
Pueblos revolt and drive Spanish colonists from present-day New Mexico
William Penn gets charter for Pennsylvania
William and Mary go to throne in Glorious Revolution
Rebellion breaks out against Andros in New England
Spanish put an end to the Pueblo revolts in New Mexico
King Henry VIII married his brother's widow, Catherine and had a daughter named Mary with her. He wanted a son that Catherine could not give, so he asked for an annulment from the Pope, who would not give one. Anne was pregnant, so Henry got Parliament to declare the first marriage void, and secretly married Anne. The baby was a girl named Elizabeth. Henry's disagreement with the Pope led to the 1534 Act of Supremacy which made Henry, not the Pope, the head of the Church of England.
Son of Henry VIII and Jane; Sickly and died at 16
Mary was a Catholic and tried to undo the Protestant practices by punished and burning many people, getting her the name "Bloody Mary." Parliament revolted when she tried to give back land and money to the Catholic Church.
Last of the Tudors; Reestablished the Church of England; Very powerful and popular; Virgin Queen--> Virginia
First of the Stuarts who believed that kinds had a divine right and favored Catholicism by repressing Puritans. Virginia and Plymouth were established under him
Lead to a civil war by trying to restore Catholicism, alienating people, dissolving Parliament, and making himself an absolute monarch. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Maryland were established under him
Interregnum- No colonies were established but Cromwell preached religious tolerance of Puritans
Restoration of the Stuarts, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and the Carolinas were founded
Unpopular Catholic brother of Charles II