Toffler's Wave Theory

Waves

The First Wave: Agriculture

8000 B.C. - 1750 A.D.

The Second Wave: Industrial

1650 - 1960

The Third Wave: Information

1950 - 2000

The Fourth Wave: Artificial Intelligence

1990 - Present

Technology

Wright brothers make first successful powered flight

1903

First Model T produced

1908

Grand Central Terminal completed in NY

1913

Panama Canal opens

1914

Kodak produces first 16mm film

1923

Farnsworth demonstrates first television set

1927

RCA creates first LP record for sale

1931

Edwin Armstrong patents frequency modulation (FM)

1933

first program-controlled computer created

1941

Manhattan Project begins

1941

First hydrogen bomb tested

1952

rocket-powered plane reaches Mach 2

1953

Tiros 1, first weather satellite lauched

1960

Apollo 11 lands men on the moon

1969

National Academy of Science reports aerosol damages atmosphere

1976

Pluto's moon discovered

1978

artificial heart successfully implanted

1982

"Personal Computer" named Time's "Man of the Year"

1982

Hubble Telescope launched

1990

Google is founded

1998

Facebook is created

2004

Watson the robot defeats two human competitors on Jeopardy

2011

Work

Ford Motor Company founded in Detroit, MI

1903

General Motors Corporation forms

1908

Ford produces 1 millionth automobile

1915

Adamson Act creates 8-hour work day

1916

Railway Labor Act

1926

Columbine Mine Massacre

1927

40-hour work week established

1938

United Mine Workers strike

1939

Ford recognized the UAW

1941

Taft-Hartley Labor Act is passed, following veto

1947

30% of U.S. workforce in commerce and industry

1951

AFL-CIO merger, 15 million members

1955

federal employees given collective bargaining rights

1962

Congress passes a law requiring equal pay for women

1963

Jimmy Hoffa disappears

1975

110-day coal strike ends

1978

air traffic controllers strike nation-wide

1981

workers for Hormel strike

1985

NAFTA takes effect

1994

Dow Jones closes above 10,000 for first time

1999

first state-wide education strike (Hawaii)

2001

Education

Association of American Universities founded

1900

Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching founded

1905

First Montessori school in U.S. opens

1911

Dewey publishes "Democracy and Education" - fuels progressive movement

1916

Scopes "Monkey Trials"

1925

SAT first administered

1926

Behaviorism

1930 - 1965

Movietone School Series produced by Fox Films

1931

Teacher Training in Visual Instruction conference at University of Wisconsin

1936

United World Films begins production of educational films

1946

Department of Audiovisual Instruction founded

1947

Deaprtment of Health, Education, and Welfare created

1953

Cognitive Theory

1955 - Present

Little Rock 9 crisis

1957

ESEA passed to aid low-income students

1965

TICCIT developed by Mitre Corporation

1969

Walden University founded in Minnesota

1970

National Center for Educational Technology founded

1972

"A Nation at Risk" is published

1983

University of Pheonix becomes first online university

1989

SMART board is introduced

1991

Jones International University becomes first online-only university

1993

No Child Left Behind is passed

2001

Common Core State Standards Initiative

2009

Society and Culture

Tour de France Inaugural race

1903

Rotary Club founded

1905

S.S. Titanic sinks

1912

National Park Service established

1916

First Winter Olympics

1924

Lindbergh's "Spirit of St. Louis" flight

1927

Amelia Earhart becomes first woman to fly solo across Atlantic

1932

First MLB All-Star Game played

1933

race riots in several major cities

1943

Jackie Robinson signed by Dodgers

1947

15 million TV sets in U.S.

1951

color television introduced by NBC

1953

U2 spy plane shot down over USSR

1960

Freedom Marchers in Washington DC

1963

MLK Jr. assassinated

1968

Kent State Massacre

1970

Hank Aaron breaks Babe Ruth's homerun record (713)

1974

John Lennon assassinated

1980

Challenger explosion kills 7

1986

Los Angeles riots break out after Rodney King beating

1992

Oklahoma City bombing

1995

9/11 World Trade Center bombings

2001

space shuttle Columbia disaster

2003

Politics

President McKinley assinated

1901

U.S. gains control of Panama Canal region

1902

World War I

1914 - 1918

Prohibition amendment ratified

1919

19th Amendment Ratified (women's suffrage)

1920

"Black Friday" Stock Market crash

1929

U.S. goes off gold standard

1933

FDR signs US Neutrality Act

1937

FDR elected to third presidential term

1940

Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

1941

Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings

1945

Alaska become 49th state

1958

Hawaii becomes 50th state

1959

Bay of Pigs invasion

1961

JFK assassinated

1963

26th amendment lowers voting age to 18

1971

Watergate break in

1972

Iran-Contra crisis

1986

Reagan instructs Gorbachev to, "tear down this wall"

1987

Gulf War begins after Iraq invades Kuwait

1991

budget crisis force government shut down

1995 - 1996

Department of Homeland Security created

2002

Barack Obama, first African-American president, is elected

2008