20th Century Opera

Operas and Historical Events from 1900- 2000

Operas:

Jenufa- by JanacEk

1904

La vida Breve- by Manuel de Falla

1904

Salome- by Richard Strauss

1905

Richard Strauss was the foremost operatic composer up to this point, and possibly all of the 20th century.

Elektra- by Strauss

1906

Der Rosenkavalier- by Strauss

1910

Ariadne auf Naxos- Strauss

1912

Kat a Kabanova- by JanacEk

1921

Little Vixen- by JanacEk

1924

Wozzeck- by Alban Berg

1925

The Makropulos Affair- by JanacEk

1925

From the House of the Dead- by JanacEk

1928

Porgy and Bess- by Gershwin

1935

"Porgy and Bess" was the first great American opera!

Lulu- by Alban Berg

1937

Mathis der Maler- by Paul Hindemith

1938

Peter Grimes- by Benjamin Britten

1945

The Medium- by Gian Carlo Menotti

1946

The Rape of Lucretia- by Benjamin Britten

1946

The Consul- by Menotti

1950

Billy Buddy- by Benjamin Britten

1951

The Turn of the Screw- by Benjamin Britten

1954

Susannah- by Carlisle Floyd

1955

The Ballad of Baby Doe- by Douglas Moore

1956

Vanessa- by Samuel Barber

1957

The famous aria, "Must the Winter Come so Soon" is from the opera Vanessa.

A Midsummer Nights Dream- by Benjamin Britten

1960

Bomarzo- Alberto Ginastera

1964

The Young Lord- by Hanz Werner Henze

1965

Antony and Cleopatra- by Samuel Barber

1966

The Devils of Loudon- by Krzysztof Penderecki

1969

Beatrix Cenci- by Ginastera

1971

"Beatrix Cenci" was the most enduring of atonal operas.

Einstein on the Beach- by Philip Glass

1976

Satyagraha- by Philip Glass

1980

Akhnaton- by Philip Glass

1984

Nixon in China- by John Adams

1987

The Death of Klinghoffer- by John Adams

1991

The Ghost of Versailles- by John Corigliano

1991

McTeague- by Willaim Bolcom

1992

The Voyage- by Philip Glass

1992

The White Raven- by Philip Glass

1998

The View from the Bridge- by Willaim Bolcom

1999

Air and Space:

The first man orbits the earth.

1961

Yur Gagarin a Russian from near Moscow, is the first man to orbit the earth and enter space.

Neil Armstrong is the first man on the moon.

1969

Apollo 11 land on the moon carrying Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins.

Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster

1986

Crimes and Scandals:

The Mona Lisa is stolen

1911

On August 21, 1911, Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, one of the most famous paintings in the world, was stolen right off the wall of the Louvre (famous museum in Paris, France). It was such an inconceivable crime, that the Mona Lisa wasn't even noticed missing until the following day.

Martin Luther King assasination

1968

Charles Manson Murders

1969

Sharon Tate, Abigail Folger, Voyek Frykowski, Jay Sebring, Steve Parent, Rosemary LaBianca, Leno LaBianca, George Spahn, Gary Hinman, and Donald Shea.

Charles Manson is a convicted serial killer who has become an icon of evil. In the late 1960s, Manson founded a hippie cult group known as "the Family" whom he manipulated into brutally killing others on his behalf.

Charles Manson Trial begins

1970

The trial began on July 24, 1970. On January 25, Manson was found guilty of first degree murder and conspiracy to commit murder. On March 29, 1971, Manson was sentenced to death.

Jonestown Massacre

1978

The Jonestown Massacre, which had a death toll of 918 people, was the most deadly single non-natural disaster in U.S. history until September 11, 2001.

Columbine Massacre

1999

School shooting kills innocent students in Littleton, Colorado.

Disasters and Tragedies

San Francisco Earthquake and Fire

1906

Titanic Sinks

1912

The Great Depression

1929

The Great Depression, an immense tragedy that placed millions of Americans out of work, was the beginning of government involvement in the economy and in society as a whole.

The Stock Market Crash

1929

The Great Depression- Ends

1940

Charles Manson Sentenced to Death

1971

Mt. St. Helens Erupts

1980

War:

World War 1- Begins

1914

The First World War, originally called the Great War, raged from 1914 to 1918. Mostly fought in western Europe in muddy, bloody trenches, WWI saw the introduction of the machine gun and poison gas into battle.

World War 1- Ends

1919

World War II- Begins

1939

A truly world war which lasted from 1939 to 1945. The countries of the world aligned with either the Axis powers or the Allies and battled in a total war.

Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

1941

The attack at Pearl Harbor so outraged Americans that the U.S. abandoned its policy of isolationism and declared war on Japan the following day -- officially bringing the United States into World War II.

World War II- Ends

1945

Vietnam- Begins

1959

The Vietnam War was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism. Engaged in a war that many viewed as having no way to win, U.S. leaders lost the American public's support for the war. Since the end of the war, the Vietnam War has become a benchmark for what not to do in all future U.S. foreign conflicts.

Vietnam- Ends

1975