History of the American West

Main

Declaration of Independence

1776

"Manifest Destiny" is Coined

1845

California Gold Rush (Mining, Wageworker's Frontier)

1848 - 1855

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Industry Surpasses Agriculture

1870

F.J. Turner's West "Ends"

1890

World War I

1914 - 1918

Stock Market Crash

1929

The Great Depression

1931 - 1941

Dust Bowl

1931 - 1937

Federal Spending Became More than State Spending

1936

World War II

1939 - 1945

People

James Fenimore Cooper

1789 - 1851

John Wesley Powell

1834 - 1902

James Polk President

1845 - 1849

Buffalo Bill

1846 - 1917

Frederick Jackson Turner

1861 - 1932

William Smythe

1861 - 1922

Frederick Newell

1862 - 1932

Native Americans/Indian Wars

Sand Creek Massacre

1864

End of "Permenant Frontier" and Start of Indian Reservations

1871

Battle of Little Bighorn

1876

Carlisle School Founded

1879

Helen Hunt Jackson wrote "A Century of Dishonor"

1881

"Friends of the Indians" Formed

1883

Rock Springs Massacre

1885

Dawes Act (Henry Dawes, Alice C. Fletcher)

1887 - 1934

Wounded Knee Massacre

1890

Lone Wolf vs. Hitchcock

1903

Railroads

Lewis and Clark Expedition ("Passage to India")

1804 - 1806

Pacific Railroad Survey Act

1853

Pacific Railway Act

1862

Transcontinental Railway Finished

1869

US-Mexico Relations and Annexed Land

Stephan Austin and 300 Families Migrate to Texas

1821

Mexico Granted Independence from Spain

1821

Mexico Outlaws Slavery

1829

The Alamo

1836

The Lone Star Republic

1836 - 1845

Annexation of Texas by the US

1845

Wilmot Provisio (Fails)

1846

US-Mexican War

1846 - 1848

Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago

1848

Compromise of 1850

1850

Land and Irrigation

Land Ordinance of 1785

1785

Homestead Act

1862

Powell's Geographic Expedition

1869

Newlands Reclamation Act

1902

"Media" of the West

James F. Cooper writes "The Pioneers"

1823

Buffalo Bill starts his Wild West Show

1873

F.J. Turner writes "The Significance of the American Frontier"

1893

Edwin S. Porter makes "The Great Train Robbery"

1903

John Ford makes "Stagecoach"

1939

Race and Labor

Federal Naturalization Law of 1790

1790

Buffalo Soldiers Formed

1866

Federal Naturalization Law of 1870

1870

Dennis Kearny founds Workingmen's Party of CA

1877

In re Ah Yup Court Case

1878

Exoduster's Migration

1879 - 1880

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

In re Look Tin Sing Court Case

1884

Populism/Progressivism

Populism

1890 - 1900

John Randolph Haynes forms the Direct Legislation Leagure of CA

1900

Muller v. Oregon

1907

12 States Passed Minimum Wage Laws

1912 - 1923

Jeannette Rankin is the First Woman Elected to Congress

1916

19th Ammendment Passed

1920

Adkins v. Children's Hospital

1923

Immigration Restriction Act of 1924

1924

Buck v. Bell

1927

Conservationism and Preservationism

George Perkins Marsh writes "Man and Nature"

1864

Forest Reserves Act

1891

John Muir Started the Sierra Club

1892

Debate Over the Flooding of Hetch Hetchy Valley

1900 - 1913

United States Forest Service Formed

1905

Raker Act Passed

1912

National Park Service Founded

1916

The Number of National Parks Doubled from 12-22

1916 - 1928

The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl

Stock Market Crash

1929

Massive Deportation Campaign: 82,000 Immigrants Were Forced Out

1929 - 1935

Marriage Rates Declined by 20% and Divorce Rates Went Up

1929 - 1933

The Great Depression

1931 - 1941

Dust Bowl

1931 - 1937

Taylor Grazing Act

1934

Dorothea Lange took "Migrant Mother"

1936

"The Plow that Broke the Plains" was Released

1936

John Steinbeck Wrote the "Grapes of Wrath"

1939

Carey McWilliams Wrote "Factories in the Field"

1940

The New Deal and World War II

Profits for Farmers Rose by 50%

1932 - 1936

Agricultural Adjustment Act

1933

A Range of Agencies, Protections and Securities Were Created

1933 - 1938

Federal Spending Became More than State Spending

1936

Manhattan Project

1942

Suburban Growth

Henry Huntington Starts the Pacific Electric Car System in L.A.

1901

The Pacific Electric Car System Connects 42 Cities Around L.A.

1913

Corrigan v. Buckley: Racially Restrictive Housing Covenants Deemed Legal

1926

The "Tract" Housing Idea is Developed, Beginning of Mass Housing Production

1930

Shelley v. Kramer: Racially Restrictive Housing Convenants are Banned

1948

Interstate Highway Act

1956

Rumford Fair Housing Act

1963 - 1964

Proposition 14, Ends Rumford Fair Housing Act

1964

Japanese-Americans During World War II

California Alien Land Law

1913 - 1952

"Rape of Nanking"

1937

Chiang Kai-Shek and His Wife are Named Time's "Couple of the Year"

1938

Attack of Pearl Harbor

1941

The End of the Chinese Exclusion Act, but Still Limited

1943

President Truman Signs a Bill to Financially Compensate Japanese Families

1948

Oyama v. State of California

1948

Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (a.k.a., the McCarran-Walter Act)

1952

Immiration Act of 1965: Ended the Strict Racial Quotas

1965

Native American Tribal Sovereignty

Treaty of Medicine Creek

1854

Concurrent Resolution 108

1953

Tribal Sovereignty Movement and Fish-Ins

1965 - 1980

U.S. v. Washington

1974

Farm Workers/Unionization

Bracero Program

1942 - 1964

Operation Wetback

1954

Cesar Chavez Forms the United Farm Workers Union

1962

California Agricultural Labor Relations Act

1975

Tax Revolt

Serrano v. Priest

1971

Serrano v. Priest

1976

Proposition 13

1978