Jewish History (m.a.)

Main

Jews Invited to Poland

1264

King Boleslav granted Jews unprecedented rights. Most Jews only came later, when expelled from other countries.

Jews Expelled from England

1290

Jews Expelled from France (first time)

1306

They were later invited back, but expelled again in 1360.

Black Plague

1348 - 1349

Killed approximately 25 million people. Jews blamed.

Jews Expelled from German States (first time)

1348

They were later invited back, but expelled again in 1498.

Jews Expelled from Hungary (first time)

1349

They were later invited back, but expelled again in 1360.

Spanish Inquisition

11/1478 - 1834

Torquemada Grand Inquisitor

1483

Took Inquisition to new level of brutality

Expulsion from Spain

08/1492

Columbus Sets Sail to America

08/1492

Ottoman Turks Rule Land of Israel

1516 - 11/1918

Protestant Reformation

10/1517

Martin Luther broke away from Church to combat corruption and spiritual laxity. Initially he was open to Jews, but when they did not convert he became a virulent anti-Semite.

Rabbi Yosef Karo Writes the Shulchan Aruch

1564

Chmielnicki Pogroms in Eastern Europe

1648 - 1653

He and fellow Cossacks killed and tortured approximately 100,000 Jews and destroyed 300 communities (includes Jews who died from resulting chaos, famine, and disease). The years 1648-1649 specifically are infamous in Jewish History for the death and destruction. These years are referred to as Tach V'Tat, as they correspond to the Jewish years of 5408 and 5409).

Shabtai Tzvi - False Messiah

1651 - 1676

First Jewish Settlement in New Amsterdam (New York)

1654

Baal Shem Tov

1698 - 1760

Founder of Chassidic Movement

Vilna Gaon/Mitnagdim

1720 - 1797

American Revolution

07/1776

French Revolution

07/1789

Yeshiva of Volozhin Established

1803

First modern Yeshiva

Rabbi Yisrael Salanter

1810 - 1883

Founder of Mussar Movement

Founding of Reform Movement

1810

American Civil War

04/1861 - 04/1865

Russian Czar Alexander II Assasinated

1881

Led to pogroms against Jews.

Mass Immigration of Russian Jews

1882

Conservative Movement Founded

1886

Dryfus Affair

1894 - 1898

Blatant Anti-Semitism prompted Herzl, an assimilated Jew, to become involved in the Zionist movement, where he quickly assumed leadership.

First Zionist Congress

1897

World War I

08/1914 - 11/1918

Balfour Declaration

11/1917

a formal statement of policy by the British government (in the form of a letter from Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Baron Rothschild ), which stated that England viewed "with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object."

British Mandate for Palestine

01/1920 - 04/1948

Country of Jordan Created by the British

1922

Hitler Rises to Power

1933

Kristallnacht

11/1938

Riots against the Jews in Germany.

World War II/Holocaust

09/1939 - 05/1945

State of Isael Declared/War of Independence Begins

05/1948

War "ended" with armistices signed separately with Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria, completed in 07/20/1949

Suez Campaign

10/1956 - 11/1956

Six Day War

06/1967

Yom Kippur War

10/1973

Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty

03/1979

Culmination of Camp David Accords.

First Lebanon War

06/1982 - 08/1982

Mass Russian Immigration to Israel

1990

Persian Gulf War (First)

01/1991 - 03/1991

Oslo Accords

09/1993

Gaza Evacuation

08/2005

Second Lebanon War

07/2006 - 08/2006

Gaza War

12/2008 - 01/2009

Major Trends in World History

Renaissance

1350 - 1650

Rebirth of knowledge.

Enlightenment

1650 - 1850

Breakthroughs in thinking which steered world away from religion and more and more toward secularism, humanism, individualism, rationalism, and nationalism. Led to France granting civil rights to Jews in 1791.