Us History Timeline

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1850 Compromise

01/01/1850

(Henry Clay) California in as a free state; rest of Mexican cession no restrictions on slavery, slave trade out lawed in D.C. but not slavery

1850 FugitiveSlave Act

01/01/1850

Required Northerners to help capture runaway slaves or face fines or jail. Angered Northerens against south and slavery more.

Refrigerated Freight Car

1851

Gustavo Swift

Kansas / Nebraska Act

01/01/1854

Stephen Douglas- Divided the territories west of Missouri and Iowa into two territories (Kansas- slave, Nebraska- free) broke promise of Missouri Compromise

Dred Scott vs. Sanford

01/01/1857

Supreme court ruled that Blacks could not sue in court. Missourie Compromise was unconstitutional.

Homestead act

05/20/1862

Settlers obtained title up to 160 acres by paying $10 registration fee and living on land for 5 years entitled settlers to ownership; government encouraged white settlers to move west

emancipation Proclamation

01/01/1863

Freed only slaves in states of rebelion- not border states

Appomattox Courthouse

04/09/1865

Confederates surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant
Ended the war.

Civil Rights Act

04/09/1866

Stated that all blacks were indeed U.S. citizens (could be repealed at some point so republicans will pass 14th amendment to make it permanent.)

TypeWriter Invented

1867

Christopher Choles

Transcontinental Railroad

1869

Union Pacific and Central Pacific met at promontory point, utah

Barbed Wire Invented

1874

Joseph Glidden

Telephone Invented

1876

Alexander Graham Bell

Compromise 1877

02/26/1877

President Hayes ends reconstruction; pulls U.S. troops out of the south.

Invention of the Lightbulb

10/27/1879

Thomas Edison

Dawes Act

01/01/1887

allotted each Indian housel=hold 160 acres of reservation land to farm remaining land would be sold to whites and the money placed in a “trust” fund for Native Americans; tried to make farmers of Native Americans- IT FAILED.

Important Battles

Battle of Antietam

09/17/1862

Lee retreats from Maryland to Virginia- Britain will wait until the Confederacy appears to be winning be it recongnizes the confederacy; Lincoln decides to issue Emancipation Proclimation

Battle of Vicksburg

05/18/1863 - 07/04/1863

Union Victory; captured town of vicksburg, miss.;Significance divided the confedaracy in two.

Battle of Getysburg

07/01/1863 - 07/03/1863

Turning point of the war; major loss for the south; Britain refused to recognize confedaeracy; confederacy on defensive for the last two years of the war.

Wars

Civil, WWI, WWII

American Civil War

04/12/1861 - 04/09/1865

Confederates vs.

Presidents

Millard Filmore

01/01/1850 - 01/01/1853

Franklin Pierce

01/01/1853 - 01/01/1857

Abraham Lincoln

01/01/1861 - 01/01/1865

President during Civil War (anti-slavery)

Andrew Johnson

01/01/1865 - 01/01/1869

Ulysses S. Grant

03/04/1869 - 03/04/1877

Rutherford B. Hayes

03/03/1877 - 03/04/1881

James Garield

03/05/1881 - 09/19/1881

Chester Arthur

09/19/1881 - 03/04/1885

Grover Cleveland

03/04/1885 - 03/04/1889

Amendments

13th

12/06/1865

Abolished Slavery

14th

07/09/1868

Identified U.S. citizens and claimed protection for all U.S. citizens.

15th

02/03/1870

Gave black men the right to vote