Us History Timeline

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1850 Compromise

(Henry Clay) California in as a free state; rest of Mexican cession no restrictions on slavery, slave trade out lawed in D.C. but not slavery

1850 FugitiveSlave Act

Required Northerners to help capture runaway slaves or face fines or jail. Angered Northerens against south and slavery more.

Refrigerated Freight Car

Gustavo Swift

Kansas / Nebraska Act

Stephen Douglas- Divided the territories west of Missouri and Iowa into two territories (Kansas- slave, Nebraska- free) broke promise of Missouri Compromise

Dred Scott vs. Sanford

Supreme court ruled that Blacks could not sue in court. Missourie Compromise was unconstitutional.

Homestead act

Settlers obtained title up to 160 acres by paying $10 registration fee and living on land for 5 years entitled settlers to ownership; government encouraged white settlers to move west

emancipation Proclamation

Freed only slaves in states of rebelion- not border states

Appomattox Courthouse

Confederates surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant
Ended the war.

Civil Rights Act

Stated that all blacks were indeed U.S. citizens (could be repealed at some point so republicans will pass 14th amendment to make it permanent.)

TypeWriter Invented

Christopher Choles

Transcontinental Railroad

Union Pacific and Central Pacific met at promontory point, utah

Barbed Wire Invented

Joseph Glidden

Telephone Invented

Alexander Graham Bell

Compromise 1877

President Hayes ends reconstruction; pulls U.S. troops out of the south.

Invention of the Lightbulb

Thomas Edison

Dawes Act

allotted each Indian housel=hold 160 acres of reservation land to farm remaining land would be sold to whites and the money placed in a “trust” fund for Native Americans; tried to make farmers of Native Americans- IT FAILED.

Important Battles

Battle of Antietam

Lee retreats from Maryland to Virginia- Britain will wait until the Confederacy appears to be winning be it recongnizes the confederacy; Lincoln decides to issue Emancipation Proclimation

Battle of Vicksburg

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Union Victory; captured town of vicksburg, miss.;Significance divided the confedaracy in two.

Battle of Getysburg

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Turning point of the war; major loss for the south; Britain refused to recognize confedaeracy; confederacy on defensive for the last two years of the war.

Wars

Civil, WWI, WWII

American Civil War

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Confederates vs.

Presidents

Millard Filmore

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Franklin Pierce

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Abraham Lincoln

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President during Civil War (anti-slavery)

Andrew Johnson

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Ulysses S. Grant

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Rutherford B. Hayes

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James Garield

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Chester Arthur

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Grover Cleveland

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Amendments

13th

Abolished Slavery

14th

Identified U.S. citizens and claimed protection for all U.S. citizens.

15th

Gave black men the right to vote