Deaf History, 1500s
Lots of notes taken from: http://libguides.gallaudet.edu/content.php?pid=352126&sid=2881782 http://www.deafjam.org/timeline.html http://www.disabilityhistory.org/timeline_new.html
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Up until now, Aristotle’s claim that Deaf people were dumb and did not have the ability to reason stood unchallenged. Girolamo, a physician, taught his son a set of symbols and showed that Deaf people had the ability to reason.
Rudolf, a humanist, advocated that thought and speech were separate abilities. This is because he knew Deaf individuals who were capable of writing to communicate.
1522 - 1560
Famous Deaf author and poet. He was credited for helping form modern French language.
Joachin, a Deaf Poet, published Hymn to Deafness (Only one source)
1524 - 1585
A hard of hearing (since age 16) famous poet who is recognized due to his sonnets.
1525 - 1579
Nicknamed El Mudo. Deaf painter appointed by King Philip II.
Moretto da Brescia painted the “Apparition of the Virgin to the Deaf-Mute Filippo Viotti” piece which was a depiction of the Italian peasant Filippo who was visited by the Virgin Mary.
Pedro started teaching the Deaf. He established the first Deaf school. He developed a rough form of sign language.
Lasso, a Spanish lawyer, gave inheritance rights to Deaf individuals who could speak by claiming they were no longer dumb. Though, not a large leap due to the Deaf individual still needing to learn how to speak, it still gave some rights to some Deaf individuals.