Civil War Timeline

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Battle Of Fort Sumpter

04/12/1861

South Carolina, Confederate victory

Civil War

04/12/1861 - 05/09/1865

Anaconda Plan

04/19/1861

-General-in-Chief Winfield Scott’s plan to subdue the seceding southern states
-Blockade of southern ports
-“Anaconda smothering its victim”

Battle Of Sewell's Point

05/18/1861 - 05/19/1861

Virginia, Union gunboats fight inconclusive battle w/ Confederate artillery

Battle Of Aquia Creek

05/29/1861 - 06/01/1861

West Virginia, Union Victory

Battle Of Philippi (West Virginia)

06/03/1861

Union victory

Battle Of Big Bethel

06/10/1861

Confederate victory

Battle Of Boonville (Missouri)

06/17/1861

Union victory

Battle Of Hoke's Run

07/02/1861

West Virginia, Union Victory

1st Battle Of Bull Run

07/21/1861

Manassas Junction, Virginia.
-Generals Irvin McDowell, Joseph E. Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard
-First major land battle of the Civil War

Peninsula Campaign

03/1862 - 07/1862

-Peninsula between the York/James Rivers toward Richmond, Virginia
-Generals/Leaders George B. McClellan, John B. Magruder, Joseph E. Johnston, Robert E. Lee
-Turning movement against Confederates to capture their capital, Richmond, Virginia

Monitor vs Merrimack

03/08/1862 - 03/09/1862

-Sewell’s Point, near Hampton Roads, Virginia
-Generals/Leaders Louis M. Goldsborough, John Marston, Franklin Buchanan, Catesby ap Roger Jones
-Most important naval battle of Civil War

Shiloh

04/06/1862 - 04/07/1862

-Hardin County, Tennessee.
-Generals/Leaders Ulysses S. Grant, Don Carlos Buell, Albert Sidney Johnston, P.G.T. Beauregard
-Confederates launched attack on Union, but lost on second day

2nd Battle Of Bull Run

08/28/1862 - 08/30/1862

-Prince William County, Virginia.
-Generals John Pope, Robert E. Lee
-Largest mass assault of the Civil War

Antietam

09/17/1862

Sharpsburg, New England. Union victory

Fredericksburg

12/11/1862 - 12/15/1862

-Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg, Virginia.
-Generals Ambrose E. Burnside and Robert E. Lee
-Considered one of the most one-sided battles of the Civil War. -Union deaths were two times higher than Confederate side.

Vicksburg

05/18/1863 - 07/04/1863

-Warren County, Mississippi
-Generals Ulysses S. Grant, John C.Pemberton
-Turning point in war
-Cut off communication with Trans-Mississippi Confederates

Gettysburg

07/01/1863 - 07/03/1863

-Adams County, Pennsylvania
-Generals/Leaders George G. Meade, John F. Reynolds, Robert E. Lee
-Largest number of casulties in Civil War

Sherman's March to the Sea

11/15/1864 - 12/21/1864

-From Atlanta, Georgia to Savannah, Georgia
-Major General William Tecumseh Sherman
-Broke the South’s mental and physical desire to wage war by destroying all things Confederate/South in their wake

Appomattox

03/29/1865 - 04/9/1865

-Richmond/ Petersburg Virginia
-Generals/Leaders Ulysses S. Grant, George G. Meade, Edward Ord, Philip Sheridan, Robert E. Lee
-End of the Civil War
-Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House