The invention of the machine gun

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Flintlock gun

1400

The first mechanical firing mechanism, the matchlock, was developed

First shoulder firearm

1450

The first gun designed with a buttstock allowing it to be fired from the shoulder was the harquebus

War with guns

1525

Guns had already been the decisive factor in several battles between Spain and France.

Better mechanism

1807

Alexander Forsythe invented the percussion firing mechanism.

First machine gun

1851

The first machine gun, the mitrailleuse, was designed in Belgium

First patented machine gun

1862

Dr. Richard J. Gatling patented a gun with six barrels that rotated around a central axis by a hand crank.

First automatic machine gun

1884

Hiram S. Maxim, an American engineer, patented the first automatic machine gun

Different firing methods

1890

John M. Browning introduced the principle of gas operation.

Army ranks

1916

The army authorized a regimental machine-gun company.

The future

1950

American ordnance officers replaced the Browning .30 caliber guns with the new M60.