Classical Conversations Timeline

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Notable People

First King of the 3rd Dynasty in Egypt

2980 B.C.

Thutmose III

1500 B.C.

Assyrian Threat

870 B.C. - 626 B.C.

Darius of Persia

520 B.C.

Buddha

500 B.C.

Herodotus

480 BC - 425 BC

Aristotle

384 B.C. - 322 B.C.

Alexander the Great

356 B.C. - 323 B.C.

Ptolemaic Dynasty (Egypt)

304 B.C. - 30 B.C.

Erastosthenes

276 B.C. - 195 B.C.

Hipparchus of Nicaea

165 B.C. - 127 B.C.

Posidonius

135 B.C. - 51 B.C.

Strabo

64 B.C. - 25 A.D.

Seneca

55 B.C. - 37 AD

Lucius Annaeus Seneca

4 B.C. - 65 A.D.

Seneca

4 B.C.

Pythagoreans

2 B.C.

Ctesibius of Alexandria

2 B.C.

Pliny the Elder

23 A.D. - 79 A.D.

Chang Heng

78 A.D. - 139 A.D.

Ptolemy

90 A.D. - 168 A.D.

Tertullian born

160

Church Father Origen

185 - 254

Persian Sage Manes

216 - 276

Tertullian dies

230

Porphyry

232 - 304

Chin Dynasty

265 - 420

Constantine

272 - 337

Emperor Constantine the Great

280 - 337

Saint Augustine

354 - 430

Emperor Valentinian

364 - 375

Plautus

375

Saint Benedict of Nursia

480 - 543

Saint Brendan

484 - 578

Dionysus Exiguus

500 - 560

Cosmas of Alexandria converts to Christianity

548

Isidore of Seville

560 - 636

Mohammed

570 - 632

Caliph Omar I

581 - 644

T'ang Dynasty

618 - 907

Venerable Bede

672 - 735

Saint Boniface

672 - 754

The Venerable Bede

673 - 735

Alcuin

732 - 804

Charlemagne

742 - 814

Al-Kindi

813 - 873

Alfred the Great born

849

Harold Fairhair

850 - 933

Rollo Ganger

860 - 931

Alfred the Great dies

899

Ibn al-Haythan

965 - 1039

William the Conqueror

1027 - 1087

Alp Arslan (Seljuk Sultan of Persia)

1039 - 1072

Sain Hildegard of Bingen

1099 - 1179

Al-Idrisi

1099 - 1166

Cambodian King Suryavarman II

1113 - 1150

Peter the Hermit (dies)

1115

Alexander Neckham

1157 - 1217

Genghis Khan

1162 - 1227

John of Pian de Carpine

1180 - 1252

Saint Francis of Assisi

1182 - 1226

Emperor Fredrick II

1194 - 1250

Kuyuk Khan

1206 - 1248

Saint Louis

1214 - 1270

Roger Bacon

1214 - 1294

Kublai Khan

1215 - 1294

Kublai Khan

1216 - 1295

Roger Bacon

1220 - 1292

Saint Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Bartholomew the Englishman

1230 - 1250

John of Montecorvino

1246 - 1328

Seventh Crusade

1248 - 1254

Marco Polo

1254 - 1324

Dante Alighieri

1265 - 1321

Marco Polo leaves for Cathay

1271

King Alfonso X of Castile

1276

Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Ibn Battuta

1307 - 1374

Peter IV of Aragon

1319 - 1387

Toghon Temur Khan

1320 - 1370

The Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

King Charles of France

1337 - 1380

Charles V of France

1338 - 1380

Manuel Chrysoloras

1355 - 1415

King John I of Portugal

1358 - 1433

Yung Lo (revolutionary)

1359 - 1424

Palla Strozzi

1375 - 1462

King John I of Portugal starts Aviz Dynasty

1385

Johann Gutenberg

1394 - 1468

Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli

1397 - 1482

Lorenzo Valla

1407 - 1457

King Sejong the Great

1419 - 1450

William Caxton

1422 - 1491

Pope Alexander VI

1431 - 1503

Ambrogio Calepino

1440 - 1510

Aldus Manutius

1450 - 1515

John Cabot

1450 - 1498

Christopher Columbus

1451 - 1506

Queen Isabella of Castile

1451 - 1504

Bartholomeu Dias

1451 - 1500

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Amerigo Vespucci

1454 - 1512

War of the Roses

1455 - 1485

Johann Froben

1460 - 1527

Vasco da Gama

1460 - 1524

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Martin Waldseemuller

1470 - 1518

Bartoleme de Las Casas

1474 - 1566

King Philip of Spain

1478 - 1506

Raphael

1483 - 1520

Joachim Vadianus

1484 - 1551

Dr. Juan Gines de Sepulveda

1490 - 1573

Paraclesus

1493 - 1541

King Francis I

1494 - 1547

Hieronymus Bock

1498 - 1554

Girolamo Cardano

1501 - 1576

Pedro Nunes

1502 - 1578

John Caius

1510 - 1573

Realdo Colombo

1510 - 1559

Andreas Vesalius

1514 - 1564

Roger Aschan

1515 - 1568

Konrad Gesner

1516 - 1565

Andreas Celaspino

1519 - 1603

Joachim du Bellay

1522 - 1560

Gabriello Fallopio

1523 - 1562

Pierre de Ronsard

1524 - 1585

Fabricius Aquapendente

1533 - 1619

Leonardo Salviati

1540 - 1589

Simon Stevin

1548 - 1620

John Napier

1550 - 1617

Matteo Ricci

1552 - 1610

Santorio Santorio

1561 - 1636

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Maurice of Nassau

1567 - 1625

Johannes Kepler

1571 - 1630

Dr. Robert Fludd

1574 - 1637

Christopher Schreiner

1575 - 1650

Samuel Purchas

1575 - 1626

Jan Baptista van Helmont

1577 - 1644

William Harvey

1578 - 1657

James Ussher

1581 - 1656

Pierre Vernier

1584 - 1638

Marin Mersenne

1588 - 1648

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Sir Kenelm Digby

1603 - 1665

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli

1608 - 1679

Johannes Hevelius

1611 - 1687

William Gascoigne

1612 - 1644

Henry Oldenburg

1617 - 1677

Gabriel Mouton

1618 - 1694

Francesco Redi

1626 - 1697

John Ray

1627 - 1705

Robert Boyle

1627 - 1691

Robert Boyle

1627 - 1691

Marcello Malpighi

1628 - 1694

Christiaan Huygens

1629 - 1695

Francis Willughby

1635 - 1672

Thomas Burnet

1635 - 1715

Robert Hooke

1635 - 1703

Nicolaus Steno

1638 - 1686

Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

Seki Kowa

1642 - 1708

Baron von Leibniz

1646 - 1716

John Flamsteed

1646 - 1719

Edward Tyson

1651 - 1708

Giambattista Vico

1668 - 1744

Ibrahim Muteferrika

1670 - 1745

Henry Sully

1680 - 1728

John Harrison

1693 - 1776

Comte de Buffon

1707 - 1788

Carolus Linnaeus

1707 - 1778

Johann Joachim Winklemann!

1717 - 1768

William Cowper

1731 - 1800

Linnaeus' Systema Naturae

1735

Thomas Jefferson

1743 - 1826

Talleyrand

1754 - 1838

Noah Webster

1758 - 1843

John Barrow

1764 - 1848

Alexandar von Humboldt

1769 - 1859

Christian Jurgsen Thomsen

1788 - 1865

Sir Anthony Panizzi

1797 - 1879

Charlese Lyell

1797 - 1875

Robert Chambers

1802 - 1871

Augustus de Morgan

1806 - 1871

Lewis Henry Morgan

1818 - 1881

Karl Marx

1818 - 1883

Friedrich Engels

1820 - 1895

Henriech Schliemann

1822 - 1890

Louis Pasteur

1822 - 1895

Chambers' "Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

1844

Percival Lowell

1855 - 1916

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

Marx' "Das Kapital"

1867

Dioscorides' "De materia medica"

77

Pliny

23

Events

Kitchen Middens

4000 B.C. - 2000 B.C.

The Rites of Chou

1120 B.C. - 256 B.C.

Reign of Jeroboam II

770 B.C.

Isaiah prophecies

755 B.C. - 700 B.C.

Micah prophecies

737 B.C. - 690 B.C.

Nahum prophecies

664 B.C. - 612 B.C.

Babylonian Threat

626 B.C. - 539 B.C.

Exile to Babylon begins

597 B.C.

Jerusalem falls to Babylonians

586 B.C.

Ch'in Era

221 B.C. - 207 B.C.

Han Dynasty

202 B.C. - 220 A.D.

Reign of Han Shun Ti

126 - 144

Ptolemy dies

168

The Dark Ages

300 - 1300

Council of Nicea

325

Council at Nicaea

325

T'ang dynasty

618 - 907

Byzantine fleet takes Alexandria

645

Empress Koken (Japan)

718 - 770

The Vikings

780 - 1070

The Great Stupa of Borobudur

800

Dublin founded

841

Eric the Red

950 - 1003

Sung Renaissance (China)

960 - 1127

Sung Era

960 - 1279

Urban II

1035 - 1099

William the Conqueror Invades England

1066

Su Sung creates Heavenly Clockwork

1077

Urban II becomes Pope

1088

The Council at Clermont

1095

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Pope Gregory IX

1145 - 1241

Second Crusade

1145 - 1149

Third Crusade

1189 - 1192

King Louis IX of France

1214 - 1270

Genghis Khan invades Peking

1214

Tartars invade Poland and Hungary

1241

Pope Innocent IV elected

1243

Modern hour defined

1330

The Black Death strikes

1348

Leonard Bruni

1368 - 1444

Ming dynasty

1368 - 1644

Cheng Ho occupies Peking

1368

Battle of Nicopolis

1396

Giraffe arrives in China

1414

Chinese Great Withdrawal from seafaring

1433

Spanish Inquisition starts

1480

Christopher Columbus sets out on 1st Voyage

1492

Columbus' 2nd Voyage

1496

Columbus' 3rd Voyage

1498

Amerigo Vespucci follows So. American coast

1501

Columbus' 4th Voyage

1502

Martin Luther nails 95 These to Wittenburg Cathedral

1517

Royal College of Physicians

1518

Edict of Villers-Coterets

1539

Clockmaker's guild begun in Paris

1544

Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

Pope Gregory XIII transitions Julian to Gregorian Calendar

1582

Edict of Nantes

1598

Clockmaker's Guild begun in Geneva

1601

30 Year's War

1618 - 1648

Royal Society founded by Henry Oldenburg and Charles II

1662

French clock-makers invent fusee machine

1741

Cook's voyage on "Endeavor"

1768 - 1771

National Convention of French Revolution replaces calendar

1792

Voyage of the 'Beagle'

1831

The Opium War

1839 - 1842

AAAS founded

1848

Index Society of London founded

1878

Chinese Revolution

1911

Kemal Ataturk modernizes Turkey

1926

Ptolemy born

90

Reign of Emperor Wang Mang

8 - 23

Important Works

Genesis written

1446 B.C. - 1406 B.C.

Jews Wandering in the Wilderness

1446 B.C. - 1406 B.C.

Ruth takes place

1380 B.C. - 1050 B.C.

I Samuel

1100 B.C.

Ecclesiastes written

970 B.C. - 930 B.C.

Bede's "Ecclesiastical History

731

Al-Biruni (Arab geographer)

973 - 1050

Geoffrey of Monmouth's "History of the Kings of Britain"

1150

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

1154

Aquinas' "Summa Theologica"

1267

The Catalan Atlas

1375

Pope Nicholas V

1397 - 1455

Niccolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Bruni's "History of the Florentine People"

1476

Arab Nautical Directory

1490

The Nuremberg Chronicle

1493

Ausberg Confession (Lutheran declaration of faith)

1530

John Calvin's Institues of the Christian Religion

1536

Vesalius' "Tabulae Anatomicae Sex"

1538

Vesalius' "Fabrica"

1543

Copernicus' De Revolutionibus

1543

Gesner's "Bibliotheca Universalis"

1545 - 1555

Maurice's "the Art of Fortification"

1594

Tycho Brahe's Astronomaie Instauratae Mechanica

1598

Santorio's "Ars de Medicina Statica

1612

Bacon's "Novum Organum"

1620

A New English Dictionary

1658

Oldenburg's "Philosophical Transsactions...."

1665

Bishop Sprat's "History of the Royal Society"

1667

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (newton)

1687

Jean le Rond d'Alembert

1717 - 1783

Buffon's "Histoire Naturelle"

1749

John Barrow's Travels in China

1804

The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea

80